sport_volley

Impératif

 

What is it?

The imperative:

The imperative in French is used just like it is in English, to give orders or advice or to express encouragement.

It is not possible to use the imperative towards oneself (1st person singular - "je") or people that you are not addressing directly (3rd person singular/plural - "il/elle" and "ils/elles"). It is only possible to use the imperative with the 1st person plural ("nous") and the 2nd person singular/plural ("tu" and "vous"). In English, the imperative form of the 1st person plural is "let us + verb (without to)", and the imperative form of both the 2nd person singular and the 2nd person plural consists in the infinitive form of the verb (without "to"):

Mange ta soupe ! Eat your soup!

Allons au cinéma ce soir ! Let's go to the pictures tonight!

Allez en enfer ! Go to hell!

• Viens t'asseoir ! Come and have a sit!

029 present

How is it formed?

Model spl

Form

STEM + ENDING

from the present tense

• take the present tense form of the relevant person (1st plural or 2nd singular or plural)

• for any ending in "es" or "as", just remove the "s"

drop the subject pronoun

• There are only four irregular verbs (see below)

 

Examples

Regular verbs

AIMER

Je XXX

tu aime !

il/elle/on XXX

 

nous aimons !

vous aimez !

ils/elles XXX 

MANGER

Je XXX

tu mange !

il/elle/on XXX

 

nous mangeons !

vous mangez !

ils/elles XXX 

FINIR

Je XXX

tu finis !

il/elle/on XXX

 

nous finissons !

vous finissez !

ils/elles XXX 

BOIRE

Je XXX

tu bois !

il/elle/on XXX

 

nous buvons !

vous buvez !

ils/elles XXX 

PERDRE

Je XXX

tu perds !

il/elle/on XXX

 

nous perdons !

vous perdez !

ils/elles XXX 

Irregular verbs

ÊTRE

Je XXX

tu sois !

il/elle/on XXX

 

nous soyons !

vous soyez !

ils/elles XXX 

AVOIR

Je XXX

tu aie !

il/elle/on XXX

 

nous ayons !

vous ayez !

ils/elles XXX

SAVOIR

Je XXX

tu sache !

il/elle/on XXX

 

nous sachons !

vous sachez !

ils/elles XXX

VOULOIR

Je XXX

tu veuille !

il/elle/on XXX

 

nous XXX 

vous veuillez !

ils/elles XXX